Journal of the Korean Physical Society

pISSN 0374-4884 eISSN 1976-8524
Qrcode

Article

J. Korean Phy. Soc. 2008; 53(9(5)): 3055-3063

Published online November 15, 2008     https://doi.org/10.3938/jkps.53.3055

Copyright © The Korean Physical Society.

MBE Growth and Properties of ZnTe- and CdTe-Based Nanowires

T. Wojtowicz, E. Janik, W. Zaleszczyk, J. Sadowski, G. Karczewski, P. D??u?ewski, S. Kret, W. Szuszkiewicz, E. Dynowska, J. Domaga la, M. Aleszkiewicz, L. T. Baczewski, A. Petroutchik, A. Presz, W. Pacuski, A. Golnik, P. Kossacki, J. F. Morhange, H. Kirmse, W. Neumann and W. Caliebe

Abstract

We review our results on the growth of ZnTe- and CdTe-based nanowires (NWs) and on their basic structural and optical properties. The nanowires were produced by using molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) with the use of a mechanism of catalytically-enhanced growth. The growth of ZnTe, CdTe, ZnMgTe and ZnMnTe nanowires was performed from elemental Zn, Cd, Mn, Mg and Te sources on the surfaces of (001)-, (110)- and (111)B-oriented GaAs substrates with Au nanocatalysts. The morphological and structural properties of the nanowires were assessed by using X-ray diffractometry, field-emission scanning electron microscopy, and high resolution transmission electron microscopy. Additional studies of the compositions of both the nanowires and the Au-rich nanocatalysts were performed with the use of energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. The optical properties of the NWs were assessed by using photoluminescence and Raman-scattering studies performed in both macro and micro modes. The studies revealed that binary and quaternary nanowires with average diameters from 30 to 70 nm and lengths from 1 to 2.6 $mu$m were monocrystalline in their upper parts, their growth axis was $langle 111angle$, and they grow along the [111] direction of the substrate, independent of the substrate orientation used. A Au-rich (with 20 \% Ga) spherical nanocatalyst was always visible at the tip of a nanowire, thus indicating that a vapor-liquid-solid mechanism was responsible for the growth of the ZnTe- and the CdTe-based nanowires. The formation of homogeneous mixed crystal ZnMnTe and ZnMgTe nanowires was demonstrated by measurements of the variation of the lattice constant and by Raman experiments that revealed the expected shift and appearance of new phonon lines and a strong enhancement of the LO-phonon structures for an excitation close to the exciton energy of the NW materials. The photoluminescence from the internal Mn$^{2+}$ transition between crystal-field-split energy levels ($^4$T$_1ightarrow ~^6$A$_1$) was observed in the ZnMnTe nanowires.

Keywords: Nanowires, Molecular beam epitaxy, Vapor liquid solid, Au catalyst, Diluted magnetic semiconductor, ZnTe, CdTe, ZnMnTe, ZnMgTe, EDX, Raman, Photoluminescence, TEM, SEM