Heat Generation by Ion Friction in Water under an AC Electric Field

Abstract
We investigate the theoretical background for the heat generation by ion friction for an electrode boiler by using sodium triphosphate and sodium chloride salt water solutions under AC electric fields. The input power and conductivity were calculated from the measured currents and temperatures. We compared the experimentally obtained conductivity with the theoretical prediction. The energy efficiency was determined by calculating the enthalpy of the input heating power and the output power due to the temperature rise of the water. Applications of this electrode boiler with a very high energy efficiency of nearly 100% at the initial stage was proposed.

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